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idealPV Takes The Heat Out Of Solar
idealPV takes the heat out of solar. Heat that was never supposed to be there.
idealPV's patented solar panel technology is based on the discovery of the Law of Forward Only Zero Hot Spot (FOZHS).
The Law of FOZHS, directly derived from the First Law of Thermodynamics and the Law of the Photoelectric Effect, states that the conductance of a solar cell falls as its voltage becomes more negative.
Einstein received the Nobel prize in physics for his 1905 discovery of the Law of the Photoelectric Effect, one of his most significant contributions to modern civilization. With this insight, Einstein enabled mankind to directly use new energy from the sun instead of the fossilized remnants of solar energy buried in the earth.
Einstein's law led to the 1941 invention of the silicon solar cell. The law of FOZHS could have been discovered at that time, but was overlooked. The solar cell hot spot was the result. This misunderstanding of solar cells persisted for another 70 years, substantially slowing the evolution of solar power.
Before FOZHS, you could cook an omelet on a partially shaded solar cell. With hundreds of degrees of excess heat gone, everything about solar gets radically simpler. With that simplicity comes an immediate revolution in lower cost, higher efficiency, longer life and comprehensive safety.
idealPV solar panels use the Law of FOZHS to keep the conductance of each solar cell high, preventing any of them from being subjected to the reverse (negative) voltage that drives extreme heat into the cell.
A mathematical fact of conductance is that the total conductance of an array of solar cells will always be lower than the lowest conductance cell. Each idealPV solar panel manages the total dynamic conductance of its internal array of solar cells so that each solar cell in their array operates only with forward voltage, where each cell can convert sunlight to electric power and thus run cool.
FOZHS changes the way we understand the solar cell. With that understanding will come many waves of innovation.
You will find the first wave of the revolution here on idealPV.com, but there will be more.
If you enjoy math and physics proofs, read the math proof of FOZHS and the empirical evidence for FOZHS.
If you want to install or use the product, read the data sheet and the manual.
If you want to see what FOZHS can do for a community, read about Locally Grown Power.
The Most Advanced Solar PV Technology Available
idealPV solar panels are a low cost, high reliability alternative to conventional crystalline modules.
Streamlined manufacturing over conventional PV manufacturing, idealPV modules offer the benefits of reliability, cost, safety, efficiency, simplified design and installation.
For new installations, idealPV modules have the same form factor as conventional sixty-cell modules. idealPVs have electrical characteristics that are compatible with conventional sixty-cell modules and can drive any standard inverter.
No change to system design or balance of system components are required to use idealPVs.
A quick read of the specifications shows that systems made with idealPVs outperform conventional panels.
A deeper read reveals that systems designed to exploit idealPV specifications allow unprecedented levels of cost efficiency, performance and safety.
With Voc, Vmp and Isc all specified as absolute maximums over temperature and solar input, system requirements like maximum string voltage, minimum start up voltages and maximum ampacity are easy to meet.
Voc as an absolute maximum means that maximum system voltage is (number of modules) times (Voc period). Have a system max of 600V and an idealPV Voc of 40V? That is 15 modules per string no matter how cold it gets.
String voltages that stay high when it gets hot with string currents that fall reduce copper losses in the wiring and your inverter. This puts real world performance ratio points back in your pocket.
idealPVs replace old restrictive maximum power points with wide Maximum Power Ranges. Strings can have different numbers of panels and still all operate at peak efficiency. Now the system design can fit the real estate available at the job site. All of it. Every spot in a carport, the missing spots around vent pipes even the corners of odd shaped lots.
The old conventional module 1/3, 1/3, 1/3 landscape substrings are replaced with idealPVs with 80/20 portrait substrings.
Have a part time shadow of a vent pipe? With idealPV, it's OK to put a module there. Output is typically only reduced by 10% for bottom shadows, and with idealPV FOZHS technology, the cells under the shadow run cool.
Need to pack in rows tightly? Fine. Seasonal row to row morning and afternoon shadows on the bottom 20% of an idealPV have little effect on daily power and no effect on start up or shut down times.
Got a spot that's hard to clean? Use it. We call that small 20% substring on the bottom "the mud room" for a reason! Since almost everything that gets on the top of a panel ends up on the bottom of it, power is stolen from dirt, splash back, snow, bird nests and just about anything you can think of. These steal little power from an idealPV.
Order up an idealPV your way.
With idealPV, Voc, Vmp and Isc are all available spec to order.
For battery charging applications: specify Vmp as the nominal battery voltage, Voc as the float voltage and Isc as the maximum charge current. The idealPVs will do the rest without a charge controller!
For fans, compressors and pumps: Specify Voc as the maximum voltage for your motor controller, Vmp as the nominal voltage and Isc as the stall current limit. Many standard VFD motor drives will hook right up and drive a standard AC induction motor!
The idealPV is the first interoperable solar panel. idealPVs can be used to replace or add to solar panels in existing installations.
Retrofit/Replace: idealPV modules may be used as replacements for other solar modules of similar size with a broad tolerance for the specifications of the original module. Replacing a failed or at-risk module with an idealPV allows better than new performance from the string of solar modules associated with the failed module.
System upgrade / expansion: idealPVs may be added to existing strings of solar modules to raise the overall system voltage, thereby improving Balance of System and Inverter efficiency. Higher, nearly flat BOS efficiency with increasing temperature: falling Pmp, constant Vmp, falling Imp and increasing copper resistance compensate I2R loss. For a typical 2 BOS loss (4%) an entire string of idealPVs reduces the loss to 2.2% flat over temperature while raising the voltage and lowering the current input to the system inverter.
idealPVs can interoperate with existing modules. To the extent a portion of a string is replaced with idealPVs, power output and efficiency of the plant is improved. This upgrade is possible because a higher power idealPV maintains its rated power even while adapting its current to match the balance of lower power modules in the string. The idealPV added to an existing string has temperature independent absolute maximum ratings for Voc, Vmp, Isc which raise the operating voltage of the string and make it less dependent upon temperature.